Planning your kitchen is a big time investment and its a meticulous procedure to carry out. The layout of your kitchen will help you decide , where different utilities and functions of the kitchen will be located. For example, the sink will be placed closest to the water outlet. Since most of us live in apartments where we do not have the freedom to start from scratch and build any layout we want, it is likely that the general shape of the kitchen will be decided for us by the builders. The Kitchen work triangle concept has substantial application in the design and layout of a kitchen and try to keep the kitchen work triangle in mind while planning the kitchen.
The size and shape of the room will typically determine your layout. Although variations and deviations do exist, most kitchen layouts are based on one of the following shapes. The 5 most common modular kitchen layouts are the Straight Line, L-Shaped, U-Shaped, Parallel and Island – each of these has it’s own advantages and makes use of the work triangle differently.
1. Straight Line Kitchen Layout
The straight line kitchen layout on a wall is the answer for very small homes , studio apartments and condos. Unlike other layouts, this type of kitchen does not involve a work triangle and the workflow is based on a straight line. It keeps your kitchen space to a minimum while still maintaining optimum efficiency.
The work triangle flattens out by placing the sink between the range and the refrigerator for maximum efficiency. When using the single wall layout, the refrigerator should be positioned so the door opens away from the sink to remove the possibility of a disturbance in workflow.
In this type of layout , because of its compactness one should be very clear about the kitchen requirements , utensils , its storage and white goods. Because of its linear nature the material for kitchen counter and overhead cabinet shutters should be chosen wisely.
2. L-Shaped Kitchen Layout
This is one of the most commonly found kitchen layouts. The L-shaped Modular Kitchen layout is ideal for smaller homes as it makes maximum use of the available floor space. It gives you maximum storage and lets you easily incorporate a small dining table within your kitchen. It includes work spaces on two adjoining walls running perpendicular to each other. This layout forms a perfect kitchen work triangle as it reduces the walking time between kitchen stations. It makes it very easy to create an ergonomically efficient kitchen triangle, with the refrigerator, stove, and sink arranged in the classic three-point shape. This layout works well for two people working at the same time, since no traffic lanes flow through the work area. An L-shaped kitchen also provides a lot design flexibility and openness.
3. U-Shaped Kitchen Layout
The U-Shape kitchen layout is the most versatile layout for both medium size and large size kitchens. For this type of layout three walls of kitchen are used , one of the wall should be with a window. It is an efficient design that frees up floor space. This layout has the most efficient kitchen work triangle with ample countertop and provides the most storage space as well with plenty of upper, lower cabinets and tall units as well. It keeps the centre of the room free for traffic flow, particularly between the fridge, sink and the cooking area.You will also be able to have plenty of counter space, making it ideal for more than one person to use the kitchen at a time. In this layout you can add a breakfast counter , if space permits.
4. Parallel or Gallery shaped Kitchen Layout
The layout is ideal for narrow but long kitchens. With two, long working areas that face each other, it can be split into ‘wet’ and ‘dry’ workspaces. The comfortable working distance between two platform should not be less tans 1.2 mtr or 4 ft. and more than 1.5 mtr. or 5 ft. It provides lots of counter space, storage and allows plenty of room for movement as well. The parallel kitchen is suitable for most types of metropolitan flats and it is easily adaptable to your needs.
5. Island Kitchen Layout
This type of layout of kitchen requires big kitchens spaces and its suitable for farm houses, bungalows and big flats. Perfect for the whole family to gather around to relax, cook, entertain and enjoy each other’s company. A kitchen island is a freestanding cabinet with counter top and with drawers and storage space below. Kitchen island can serve various purposes. A kitchen island can have kitchen stools around it, for extra seating and can be used to house cooking appliances. It’s a beautiful, contemporary option if you have the space for it. An island cabinet can be combined with a straight line or L-shaped kitchen model with an unconnected island space. The island can be used as an extra counter area or breakfast nook, bar counter or your favourite baking nook. It can also be equipped with a sink or cooking hob. With two opposing working areas and storage spaces, this kitchen layout is ideal for open plan living and for entertaining. This type of layout allows you to have a luxury of large size kitchen appliances.
Now that you know the basics of the different kitchen layouts, take a look at your house floor plan and see which will suit your needs the best. If you need any help with your kitchen design, Please connect with our team at Architect -Nilesh Sawant and get the advice you need to make your cooking space customisable, eco-friendly and functional.